lunes, 18 de junio de 2007

Las baterías usadas de los celulares, terminan como parte de la basura doméstica, y su número es cada vez mayor, en tanto las tecnologías y el mercado nos ofrecen diversidad de modelos, ventajas de comunicación, alcance y posibilidades adicionales.

“El segmento de baterías de telefonía celular a tenido, en el caso boliviano, un significativo crecimiento, siendo todas importadas, en los años noventa cuando el sistema de telefonía móvil entró en el país, éstos eran sinónimo de ostentación y tenía costos de operación inaccesibles, sin embargo desde esa época a la actualidad, la proporción se ha elevado considerablemente, a proporciones de un crecimiento del 7.150% y una teledensidad del 5.604% (…) datos de la Superintendencia de Telecomunicaciones (SITTEL) (2006)”.

“Según cálculos de la Agencia Europea del Medio Ambiente, actualmente son casi 40 millones las toneladas métricas de baterías en desuso. Si se pudiese cargar en camiones de basura todo ese volumen, se formaría una hilera que uniría Colombia con Japón” (Ecodigital).

El cadmio (un elemento altamente tóxico que se encuentra en las baterías usadas) de un solo celular puede contaminar más de 675.000 mil litros de agua (…) (Idem).

Más de 3.000.000 en uso y desuso están circulando, actualmente en Bolivia.

Por ello es importante normar su uso, ingreso y disposición final: Proyecto de Ley presentado por Observancia - Centro Interdisciplinario, al Congreso Nacional de la República.

Fuentes:
SITTEL 2006: La década de las telecomunicaciones, SITTEL, La Paz, (86 pp).
http://www.ecodigital.com.ar/Noticia1.htm

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En México el gobierno está implementando un plan para hacer acopio de las pilas, de esta forma no llegarán a los basureros donde reaccionan y contaminan el ambiente intoxicando también los mantos acuíferos. Esta es la nota completa de Greenpeace México. Saludos y felicidades por este blog.
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El gobierno del DF inicia acopio de pilas
28 febrero 2007
DF, México — Como parte del "Programa de manejo responsable de pilas", el gobierno del DF adaptó 21 módulos de información para que los ciudadanos puedan depositar ahí de manera segura sus pilas de desecho. Esta es una primera fase que al final abarcará 250 puntos de acopio. ¡CONOCE los sitios que ya están operando y deposita ahí tus pilas de desecho!
Greenpeace considera positiva esta iniciativa del gobierno del DF pues hemos señalado que el creciente consumo de pilas y baterías representa un riesgo para la salud y el ambiente ya que, al no haber planes de manejo adecuado, la ciudadanía se ve obligada a mezclar las pilas con la basura doméstica, donde generalmente se incendian o terminan por liberar las sustancias tóxicas que contienen para contaminar el suelo, el subsuelo, los cuerpos de agua y el aire.

"Iniciar el acopio de pilas y baterías en la capital del país es un buen primer paso. Lo que sigue es pasar a la etapa de reciclaje y buscar que importadores y productores de pilas asuman su responsabilidad de hacerse cargo de esta basura", dijo Marisa Jacott, coordinadora de la campaña de tóxicos de Greenpeace México.

Cabe señalar que en México la legislación sobre residuos establece la responsabilidad compartida para el productor, lo que significa que a fabricantes e importadores les correspondería asumir tareas de acopio, pero esta normatividad está siendo totalmente evadida.

Según la Secretaría de Medio Ambiente del DF, en la ciudad se consumen 51 millones de pilas al año, lo que significa que al Bordo Poniente llegan cada año un millón 275 mil kilogramos de pilas. Si se considera que al menos un tercio de cada pila es material tóxico, es claro que el acopio de pilas era una medida necesaria para empezar a atender este problema.

CÓMO DEPOSITAR LAS PILAS

En una primera etapa se han instala 21 contenedores dentro de los módulos informativos, que a partir de ahora cuentan con ranuras donde será posible depositar las pilas AA, AAA, D, C, CR, cuadradas, pilas de botón y de teléfono celular. La empresa que maneja estos módulos llevará las pilas a centros de reciclaje. El plan es adaptar de igual forma los 250 módulos de información que hay en la Ciudad de México.



Pero se requiere que los ciudadanos sigan las siguientes
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* Cubrir con cinta adhesiva los polos de las pilas y depositarlas en los orificios que corresponden al tipo de pila.
* Depositar las pilas exclusivamente en los módulos informativos acondicionados para ello.

DÓNDE DEPOSITARLAS

Los módulos que ya funcionan en esta primera etapa están en el cuadrante formado por: Avenida Chapultepec, Avenida Cuauhtémoc, Viaducto, Nuevo León, Benjamín Franklin, Patriotismo y Circuito Interior. Los puntos específicos son los siguientes:
• Avenida Chapultepec y Guaymas (antes del Metro Cuauhtémoc)
• Patriotismo y Mazatlán
• Patriotismo y Choapan
• Patriotismo y Circuito Interior (2 módulos)
• Insurgentes Sur y Colima
• Insurgentes Sur y Durango
• Insurgentes Sur y Teotihuacán
• Viaducto e Iguala
• Yucatán, entre Jalapa y prol. Orizaba
• Nuevo León y Alfonso Reyes
• Circuito Interior y Agustín Melgar
• Cuauhtémoc y Baja California
• Cuauhtémoc y San Luis Potosí
• Cuauhtémoc y Colima (Parque Pushkin)
• Cuauhtémoc y Huatabampo (frente al Centro Médico)
• Monterrey, entre Querétaro y Zacatecas
• Baja California y Sultepec
• Benjamín Franklin, pasando Cholula
• Benjamín Franklin, Tehuantepec y Nuevo León
• Orizaba, pasando Antonio M. Anza

Otros centro de acopio instalados por la asociación civil Ponte las Pilas:
• Blvd. Magnocentro # 26, Manzana 1, Lote 2, Col. San Fernando La Herradura, Huixquilucan, Estado de México.
• Ejército Nacional 843-B, Col. Granada, DF
• Parque Lindavista: Colector 13 # 280, Col. Magdalena de las Salinas, Del. Gustavo A. Madero.

¿Más información? Consulte la página web
www.greenpeace.org.mx

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